Escherichia coli 0157:H7, or E. coli

Filed Under: Cows, Diseases

Escherichia coli, also known as E. coli, is a normal bacterial inhabitant of the intestinal tract of both humans and animals. E. coli is a gram-negative bacterial rod. Most strains of E. coli are not pathogenic, but some strains are known to cause disease. Most infections by pathogenic E. coli will cause disease in the intestinal tract resulting in diarrhea and inflammation of the intestines.

Red-Eared Slider Turtles

Filed Under: Reptiles, General Care, Turtles

In the 60’s and early 70’s turtles were the most popular reptile species kept by hobbyist. The red-eared slider, a native of the southern United States, was the most popular of all the turtles. Then infections with salmonella effectively shut down the pet trade. Even today the open sale of turtles 4 inches and under remains illegal in the US and Canada. It is believed that turtles 4 inches and under in size are the most likely to spread salmonella.

Leopard Geckos: Starter Herps for the Beginning Hobbyist

Filed Under: Reptiles, General Care

One of the easiest starter herps for beginning hobbyist is the Leopard gecko. One of the most primitive lizards alive today, the leopard geckos hails from western India, south-eastern Afghanistan and Pakistan. These lizards naturally inhabit deserts and arid grasslands of the region. These agile lizards often take shelter under rocks or in burrows that they dig or achieve second hand.

Metabolic Bone Disease in Lizards, Iguanas, and Other Reptiles

Filed Under: Reptiles, Diseases, Iguanas, Orthopedic

Bone is composed of a tough organic matrix that is greatly strengthened by deposits of calcium salts. The average compact bone contains approximately 30% matrix and 70% salts by weight. The crystalline salts are composed primarilly of calcium and phosphate.

Will Constrictors be Added to the Lacey Act?

Filed Under: Reptiles

The US Fish and Wildlife Service is reviewing available biological and economic information on constrictor snakes in Python, Boa, and Eunectes (Latin for Anaconda) genera for possible addition to the list of injurious wildlife under the Lacey Act. An injurious wildlife listing would prohibit the importation into, or transportation between, States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, or any territory or possession of the Unites States by any means, without a permit.

Equine Colic: Abdominal Pain in Horses

Filed Under: Horses, Diseases

The term colic, literally translated refers to abdominal pain in the horse. Colic in horses is responsible for more deaths than any other disease process other than old age. It is estimated that 14.6% of all equine deaths per year are secondary to colic. The cost of colic to the Equine industry in the U.S. is estimated to be $144 million annually with approximately 12,000 to 24,000 colic surgeries being conducted in any given year.

Caring for Chinchillas

Filed Under: Pocket Pets, Chinchillas, General Care

Ever heard of a pet that requires dust baths and has a coat so thick that they are not affected by fleas? These social active critters once raised for their coats are now widely kept as pets and can even be litter box trained, at least to a certain extent.

Microchip Implants and Fibrosarcoma Formation

Filed Under: Dogs, Cats, General Care

Microchipping of pets has become an important tool reuniting pet owners with their lost and missing pets. A microchip is an electronic device approximately the size of a grain of rice that is implanted under the skin, usually in the shoulder area. The microchip itself is implanted through the use of a large bore syringe. The procedure is well tolerated by pets, allowing for permanent identification of the individual. When a pet becomes lost, a microchip reader at an animal control facility or veterinary clinic may be employed to obtain the pet ID number contained therein.

Hedgehog Husbandry: Adopting and Caring for Hedgehogs

Filed Under: Pocket Pets, General Care, Hedgehog

Want a prickly pet that will keep your garden free of insects? Then the hedgehog may just be for you. The hedehog that is most commonly available in the pet trade is the African pygmy hedgehog (Atelerix albiventris)--or a mix thereof. The European hedgehog (Erinaceus europaeus) is found all over western Europe and is usually a little larger than its Asian and African counterparts.

Laminitis, or Founder: Lameness in Horses

Filed Under: Horses, Diseases

Laminitis, also known as Founder, is defined as inflammation of the sensitive laminae of the hoof. Laminitis is now thought to be a transient ischemia (loss of blood supply and therefore oxygen) associated with blood coagulation (clotting) and inflammation. The alteration of blood flow leads to the breakdown and degeneration of the union between the horny and sensitive laminae of the hoof.

Dr. Susan named best vet in Northeast Alabama!

Critterology.com's primary contributor, Dr. Susan Muller Esneault, has been named for best veterinarian in northeast Alabama!

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Thanks to everyone who voted.