Influenza Type A / Swine Flu

Filed Under: Diseases, Pigs

Have you wondered why the government is so concerned about a few cases of the flu? Think there is just a lot of drama going on for ratings week? There may be more to the hype than you think. Human, avian and swine flu strains are all interrelated. The orthomyxoviruses, or influenza A viruses, of all three species can easily exchange genetic material. This genetic exchange could possibly result in a new variety of human virus, which has the potential for severe morbidity and mortality.

Swine Flu: Media Scare or Major Threat?

Filed Under: Diseases, Pigs

Think the current swine influenza scare is just a bit of media drama?  Don’t be too sure.  Pigs have the potential to serve as a genetic “mixing vessel” for influenza viruses carried by birds, pigs and humans.  Most viruses tend to be species specific but not those of the Influenza type A viruses.  These viruses can easily swap genetic code between traditional avian, pig and human infections.  It is feared that this mixing of genetic code may someday result in a flu pandemic to rival that of the 1918 Influenza epidemic.  

Anterior Cruciate Rupture

Filed Under: Dogs, Orthopedic

Is your dog suddenly hopping on one rear leg? Is your dog overweight? Was your pet neutered or spayed before 6 months of age? Then your pet may be suffering from anterior or cranial cruciate rupture. The AVMA estimates that pet owners spend over $1.32 billion yearly for the repair of rupture anterior cruciate ligaments on their pets.

Coral Reefs Currently Under Stress from a Changing Planet

Filed Under: General Care, Fish

Did you know that corals are actually marine animals? There are more than 2,000 known species of coral. These delicate creatures are under stress around the world due to warmer temperatures, changing pH levels, and even agricultural and fresh water runoff. Coral reefs provide homes to more than a quarter of the world’s saltwater fish. Coral reefs are typically found in shallow water areas, often close to the coast or island locations.

Red Maple, or Acer rubrum, Intoxication

Filed Under: Horses, Poisoning

Are your horses on a poor pasture this fall?  Is there a beautiful red maple tree in the field?  You might want to think twice about this tree being a pasture-mate to your horses.  Green or wilted leaves of the red maple tree can be hazardous to your horse’s health.  

Consumption of the wilted leaves of the red maple will cause an acute and profound Heinz body anemia (destruction of red blood cells) and methemoglobin production.

The toxin involved in the poisoning has, to-date, not been identified.

Cherry Eye or Prolapse of the Glands of the Third Eyelid

Filed Under: Dogs, Diseases

Have you suddenly noticed a red mass in the corner of your young dog’s eye? Are you concerned that there is a tumor in the corner of the eye when just a day ago everything looked normal? You could be dealing with a common problem in young dogs and puppies, especially in the cocker spaniel, commonly known as hyperplasia of the nictitans gland, “cherry eye”, or prolapse of the glands of the third eyelid.

Havanese

Filed Under: Dogs, General Care

Do you need a loving sturdy companion that will sit in your lap and easily jump up to get there? Then the Havanese may be a breed of dog for you. This agile little dog runs from 10 to 15 pounds and a height range from 8 1/2 to 11 1/2 inches. This toy breed is almost hypoallergenic and will shed very little if at all. Their coat is slightly wavy with a soft and a light outer coat with a slightly heavier undercoat.

Cycas Revoluta: The Sago Palm, or Cycad Poisoning

Filed Under: Dogs, Cats, Poisoning

Do you have a beautiful, full, dark green exotic palm tree as a houseplant? Do you have exotic palms as part of your landscaping? If you have pets or livestock that can access these plants you may want to rethink the use of them in your garden.

Prognathism

Filed Under: Dogs, General Care

Does your dog have a marked protrusion of the jaw or mandible? Then your dog is considered to be prognathic. Common names for this condition include undershot or monkey jaw. This trait is a fault in many breeds where a scissor bite is the breed standard, and alternatively, it is a desirable characteristic in many brachycephalic breeds (short-faced, wide-headed breeds) such as the English Bulldog and the Pekinese.

Addison’s Disease or Hypoadrenocorticism

Has your West Highland white terrier suddenly collapsed? Does your standard poodle have chronic vomiting and diarrhea? Your pet may be dealing with a condition called Hypoadrenocorticism.

Dr. Susan named best vet in Northeast Alabama!

Critterology.com's primary contributor, Dr. Susan Muller Esneault, has been named for best veterinarian in northeast Alabama!

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Thanks to everyone who voted.