Diseases

Pythiosis in the Dog

Filed Under: Dogs, Diseases

Has your dog been losing weight lately, exhibiting chronic vomiting, had diarrhea, or hematochezia (blood in the feces)? Alternatively, does your dog have an ulcerated, draining skin lesion that just won’t heal? Is your dog a sports breed like a Labrador retriever, or does he love the water? Do you live in an area with a warmer climate? Then your dog could be suffering from an infection called Pythiosis.

Equine Viral Arteritis (EVA)

Filed Under: Horses, Diseases, General Care

Are you currently breeding horses? Are you vaccinating your horses for Equine Viral Arteritis (EVA)? A 2005 study found that a mere 11.7% of breeding operations are vaccinating for this highly contagious, reportable, viral disease that causes sporadic outbreaks of respiratory infection and abortion in horses.

Wolbachia and Their Role in Heartworm Disease and Treatment

Filed Under: Dogs, Diseases, Parasites

Does your dog have heartworms or Dirofilaria immitis? There is a long list of complications that may occur as a result of heartworm disease or in the treatment thereof. New research has shown that a gram-negative intracellular bacterium by the name of Wolbachia may be responsible for many of these complications and side-effects.

Proventricular Dilatation Disease (PDD)

Filed Under: Diseases, Birds

Proventricular Dilatation Disease, or PDD, is a disorder of the central nervous system and a fatal viral disease that currently affects 50 different species of domesticated and wild psittacine parrots as well as 5 other Orders of birds. PDD was previously known as “macaw wasting syndrome” when it was mistakenly thought to infect only macaws. The Spix’s macaw, whose current population is estimated at 100 live birds, is currently one of the most endangered species of birds in the world, with its very existence being threatened by PDD.

Rabies in Dogs and Cats

Filed Under: Dogs, Cats, Diseases

Did you know that rabies is responsible for the death of one person worldwide every 10 minutes? Children are affected by rabies more than every other age group with approximately 100 children, primarily in Asia and Africa, dying each and every day. In the United States, where there are strict requirements for rabies vaccinations in domestic animals, we still diagnose, on average, from one to three cases of rabies in humans each year.

Malignant Catarrhal Fever or Bovine Malignant Catarrh

Filed Under: Cows, Diseases

Malignant Catarrhal Fever (MCF) or Bovine Malignant Catarrh are actually two diseases caused by separate herpes viruses that are almost always fatal to cattle, deer, bison, occasionally pigs, rabbits, and certain exotic ruminants. Neither virus causes disease in their principal hosts, either the wildebeest or the sheep.

Cat Scratch Fever or Cat Scratch Disease (CSD)

Filed Under: Cats, Diseases

Cat scratch fever or disease (CSD) is a bacterial infection caused by Bartonella henselae. Bartonella are a group of gram-negative bacteria that parasitize erythrocytes (red blood cells or RBCs) of the host and are transmitted by arthropods. Most people infected with cat scratch fever have been previously bitten or scratched by a cat. Cat bites are less frequently implemented in transmission than are scratches.

Congestive Heart Failure in the Dog

Filed Under: Dogs, Diseases

Is your dog sleeping more than usual? Is your small dog suddenly coughing, especially after that nap or following the least bit of exertion? Has your dog had problems with his dental health in the past? Then your pet could be suffering from congestive heart failure which is a leading cause of death in older, especially smaller breeds of dogs.

Koi Herpes Virus

Filed Under: Diseases, Fish

Koi are a highly personable and hardy ornamental carp whose popularity for pond owners has exploded in the past several years. When a pond is confronted with Koi Herpes Virus (KHV), the results are devastating. The virus has a mortality rate of 80% and the few survivors are typically euthanized, resulting in depopulation of the entire group of fish.

Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (MRSA)

Filed Under: Dogs, Diseases

Does your pet have a chronic skin, ear, or nail bed infection that just will not clear up regardless of the antibiotic used? Then a new strain of Staphylococcus bacteria could be the cause of the problem.

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