Diseases

Heartworm Disease in the Ferret

Filed Under: Pocket Pets, Diseases, Ferrets, Parasites

Heartworms or Dirofilaria immitis are a spaghetti-type worm that develop in the heart and lungs of an infected host. The disease is transmitted by the bite of a mosquito. Due to the insect vector, disease is more common in mild, moist climates. Mosquitos appear to infect ferrets with heartworms at a similar rate as seen in the dog.

Escherichia coli 0157:H7, or E. coli

Filed Under: Cows, Diseases

Escherichia coli, also known as E. coli, is a normal bacterial inhabitant of the intestinal tract of both humans and animals. E. coli is a gram-negative bacterial rod. Most strains of E. coli are not pathogenic, but some strains are known to cause disease. Most infections by pathogenic E. coli will cause disease in the intestinal tract resulting in diarrhea and inflammation of the intestines.

Metabolic Bone Disease in Lizards, Iguanas, and Other Reptiles

Filed Under: Reptiles, Diseases, Iguanas, Orthopedic

Bone is composed of a tough organic matrix that is greatly strengthened by deposits of calcium salts. The average compact bone contains approximately 30% matrix and 70% salts by weight. The crystalline salts are composed primarilly of calcium and phosphate.

Equine Colic: Abdominal Pain in Horses

Filed Under: Horses, Diseases

The term colic, literally translated refers to abdominal pain in the horse. Colic in horses is responsible for more deaths than any other disease process other than old age. It is estimated that 14.6% of all equine deaths per year are secondary to colic. The cost of colic to the Equine industry in the U.S. is estimated to be $144 million annually with approximately 12,000 to 24,000 colic surgeries being conducted in any given year.

Laminitis, or Founder: Lameness in Horses

Filed Under: Horses, Diseases

Laminitis, also known as Founder, is defined as inflammation of the sensitive laminae of the hoof. Laminitis is now thought to be a transient ischemia (loss of blood supply and therefore oxygen) associated with blood coagulation (clotting) and inflammation. The alteration of blood flow leads to the breakdown and degeneration of the union between the horny and sensitive laminae of the hoof.

Feline Hyperthyroidism: Thyroid Disorders in Cats

Filed Under: Cats, Diseases

Feline hyperthyroidism is a disease characterized by weight loss, increased appetite, higher energy levels and possible irritability. It is the most common endocrine disorder in cats.

Equine Sarcoids: Skin Tumors in Horses, Mules, and Donkeys

Filed Under: Horses, Diseases

The most frequently occurring neoplasm in the horse is the sarcoid. In fact, sarcoids may account for up to 30% of all tumors in horses. These tumors may be locally aggressive and are non-metastatic, fibroblastic skin tumors of horses, mules, and donkeys.

Fibrosarcomas: Cancerous Tumors in Cats and Dogs

Filed Under: Dogs, Cats, Diseases

Fibrosarcomas are malignant tumors of fibroblasts. Fibroblasts are cells within the dermis of the skin that produce the collagen in connective tissue. These tumors are locally invasive, often recur locally, and have a tendency to spread to other parts of the body (metastasize). Metastasis often occurs weeks to months following surgical removal. Fibrosarcomas are hard to control through surgery even when ancillary therapy like chemo or radiation is employed.

Rabies in Cattle

Filed Under: Cows, Diseases

Does your cow appear to be choking? Think twice before extending your arm down the animal’s throat bare handed to look for a foreign body. One of the most common ways for ranchers, farmers, and veterinarians to be exposed to rabies is through exposure to a supposedly choked cow.

Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) in the Hedgehog

Filed Under: Pocket Pets, Diseases, Hedgehog

Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) is caused by an Aphthovirus that affects many species of animals, especially those that are cloven-footed. FMD is endemic in the Middle East, sub-Saharan Africa, India, and Southeast Asia.

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